Disaster Day: An Interprofessional Mass Casualty Simulation

TTUHSC Interprofessional Practice and Education (IPE) Experience

Title of the Interprofessional Practice and Education Experience

Disaster Day: An Interprofessional Mass Casualty Simulation

Experience Status


Approval Date Range

10/9/2020 - 6/11/2025

Criteria for Registering the IPE Experience

  • Involvement of two or more professions.
  • Opportunities to learn about, from, and with one another.
  • Significant interactivity between participants.
  • Teaching and/or learning about interprofessional practice and education is intentionally integrated into the activity. Interprofessional practice and education constructs are targeted with IPE learning objectives are also discussed, trained, reviewed, and/or assessed as part of the learning activity.

Type of IPE Experience

  • Simulation learning
  • Team-building event

IPEC Core Competencies Targeted by this IPE Experience

  • Communication: Communicate in a responsive, responsible, respectful, and compassionate manner with team members.
  • Roles and Responsibilities: Use the knowledge of one’s own role and team members’ expertise to address individual and population health outcomes.
  • Teams and Teamwork: Apply values and principles of the science of teamwork to adapt one's own role in a variety of team settings.
  • Values and Ethics: Work with team members to maintain a climate of shared values, ethical conduct, and mutual respect.

Quintuple Aim Strategic Goals Discussed in this IPE Experience

  • Advancing health equity
  • Enhancing the experience of care
  • Improving patient and/or population health outcomes

Detailed Description and Purpose of the IPE Experience

World Health Organization defines a disaster as an event that overwhelms the local capacity to respond and requires highly coordinated responses from within and outside the affected community. Mass casualty incident and disaster simulations are rapidly becoming a core training exercise for health professions learners. Conducting simulations and drills is the most effective way to evaluate and test disaster preparedness plans. Disaster simulations are also excellent tools for training a wide variety of learners in health-related professions, and for assessing their decision-making processes, teamwork, communication, and coordination skills. During this annual event, interprofessional student teams come together to diagnose, treat and care for standardized patients and populations impacted by a simulated natural disaster or public health emergency. Participating students are better prepared to respond to emergencies, and learn vital skills to practice collaboratively upon graduation.

This event includes:
1. Event brief
2. Teambuilding activity
3. Disaster simulation
4. Facilitated debrief and assessment

Learning Objectives for this Event Include:
1. Practice basics of mass casualty triage.
2. Apply assessment, reasoning, and decision-making skills during an emergency.
3. Facilitate and optimize collaboration through teamwork, communication, values/ethics, and understanding of roles/responsibilities.

Level of IPE Integration

  • 2. Immersion Level: Consists of development learning activities that provide learners with the opportunity to learn about, with, and from other professional learners in an active learning situation where they are applying learning during the activity. The desired outcome for activities offered at the immersion level is that learners will develop critical thinking skills as part of an interprofessional view that incorporates multiple perspectives and acknowledges and encourages diversity in providing quality health and human services.

Attendance or Participation in the IPE Experience

  • Certificate credit
  • CV credit
  • Portfolio credit
  • Voluntary basis
  • Program and/or school requirement

Frequency of the IPE Experience

  • 01. Annually
  • Annual Event in the Spring Semester

Duration and/or Timeline of the IPE Experience

  • 04. 6 to 7 hours
  • Full day event

Campus and/or Location of the IPE Experience

  • Lubbock
  • Amarillo

Average Number of Learners Participating in the IPE Experience

  • 07. 401 to 750
  • 350

Target Audiences

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Audiences

  • Biomedical Sciences, MS
  • Biomedical Sciences, PhD
  • Biotechnology, MS
  • Graduate Medical Sciences, MS
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences, MS
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences, PhD

School of Health Professions Audiences

  • Addiction Counseling, MS
  • Athletic Training, MAT
  • Audiology, AuD
  • Medical Laboratory Science (Certificate)
  • Medical Laboratory Science (Second Degree), BS
  • Medical Laboratory Science, BS
  • Clinical Mental Health Counseling, MS
  • Clinical Rehabilitation Counseling, MS
  • Healthcare Administration, MS
  • Healthcare Management, BS
  • Molecular Pathology, MS
  • Physical Therapy, DPT
  • Rehabilitation Science, ScD
  • Physician Assistant Studies, MPAS
  • Rehabilitation Science, PhD
  • Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences (Second Degree), BS
  • Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, BS
  • Speech-Language Pathology, MS
  • Occupational Therapy, OTD
  • Occupational Therapy (Post-Professional), OTD-P
  • Healthcare Administration (Certificate)

School of Medicine Audiences

  • MS 1
  • MS 2
  • MS 3
  • MS 4
  • Residents

School of Nursing Audiences

  • Doctor of Nursing Practice
  • Graduate MSN
  • Post-Master’s/Advanced Practice
  • RN to BSN
  • Second Degree BSN
  • Traditional BSN
  • Veteran BSN

School of Pharmacy Audiences

  • P1
  • P2
  • P3
  • P4
  • SOP Residents

School of Population and Public Health Audiences

  • Public Health, MPH Traditional
  • Public Health, MPH Online
  • Public Health, Certificate


EMS and Fire Academy learners. Community response representatives. TTU School of Vet Medicine in Amarillo.

IPE Learning Objectives for the Experience

Values and Ethics

  • VE08. Apply high standards of ethical conduct and quality in contributions to team-based care.
  • VE07. Practice trust, empathy, respect, and compassion with persons, caregivers, health professionals, and populations.
  • VE04. Value diversity, identities, cultures, and differences.
  • VE01. Promote the values and interests of persons and populations in health care delivery, One Health, and population health initiatives.
  • VE03. Uphold the dignity, privacy, identity, and autonomy of persons while maintaining confidentiality in the delivery of team-based care.
  • VE06. Collaborate with honesty and integrity while striving for health equity and improvements in health outcomes.
  • VE02. Advocate for social justice and health equity of persons and populations across the life span.
  • VE05. Value the expertise of health professionals and its impacts on team functions and health outcomes.

Roles and Responsibilities

  • RR03. Incorporate complementary expertise to meet health needs including the determinants of health.
  • RR02. Collaborate with others within and outside of the health system to improve health outcomes.
  • RR01. Include the full scope of knowledge, skills, and attitudes of team members to provide care that is person-centered, safe, cost-effective, timely, efficient, effective, and equitable.
  • RR04. Differentiate each team member’s role, scope of practice, and responsibility in promoting health outcomes.


  • C02. Use communication tools, techniques, and technologies to enhance team function, well-being, and health outcomes.
  • C04. Promote common understanding of shared goals.
  • C06. Use constructive feedback to connect, align, and accomplish team goals.
  • C05. Practice active listening that encourages ideas and opinions of other team members.
  • C03. Communicate clearly with authenticity and cultural humility, avoiding discipline-specific terminology.
  • C01. Communicate one’s roles and responsibilities clearly.

Teams and Teamwork

  • TT04. Use shared leadership practices to support team effectiveness.
  • TT03. Practice team reasoning, problem-solving, and decision-making.
  • TT05. Apply interprofessional conflict management methods, including identifying conflict cause and addressing divergent perspectives.
  • TT06. Reflect on self and team performance to inform and improve team effectiveness.
  • TT07. Share team accountability for outcomes.
  • TT08. Facilitate team coordination to achieve safe, effective care and health outcomes.

Type of Learner Assessment Administered

  • Attitudinal and/or perceptions survey
  • Formative assessment
  • Self-efficacy or confidence scaling
  • Self-reflection with facilitated debrief
  • Skills and/or competency assessment
  • Peer feedback

Formal Assessment Protocol used, if Applicable

Type of Program Evaluation Administered

  • Activity feedback/evaluation – from faculty, facilitators, and/or preceptors
  • Activity feedback/evaluation – from learners
  • Facilitated debrief with planning committee
  • Satisfaction survey results
  • Planning committee feedback/evaluation

Provide Details on the Potential Sustainability of the IPE Experience

  • Dedicated personnel
  • Dedicated resources
  • Integrated into program curriculum
  • Integrated into a course and/or experiential rotation requirements
  • Met an identified need or gap
  • Engaged community partners
  • This event has integrated into IPE events managed and funded by the Office of Interprofessional Education.

Provide Dedicated Funding Sources:

  • Centralized university administration funding
  • Endowments and gifts
  • In-kind contributions

Roles of Faculty/Staff in the IPE Experience:

  • Facilitators
  • Instructors and/or preceptors
  • Planning committee members
  • Assessors of student learning
  • Volunteers
  • Faculty facilitators, planning committee members, and evaluators.

Additional Information About the IPE Experience, if Necessary

IPE Experience Organizer

  • Office of Interprofessional Education

Contact Person(s) and Contact Information for the IPE Experience

Danette Weller, M.S.
Office of Interprofessional Education
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
3601 4th Street | STOP 6231 | Office 3B150L | Lubbock, Texas 79430-6231
806.743.4307 | danette.weller@ttuhsc.edu